This article proposes a typology of natural resource monitoring categories, defined by their degree of local participation, ranging from monitoring undertaken by professional researchers with no local involvement to monitoring designed, directed and implemented entirely by local people. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of each monitoring category and the potential of each to be sustainable in developed or developing countries. It defines criteria for identifying the monitoring system most relevant to a particular situation. It is of interest for decision makers involved in the development and expansion of monitoring schemes, and for practitioners interested in placing their approach to participation within the broader spectrum of participatory monitoring.
Local Participation in Natural Resource Monitoring: a Characterization of Approaches