Monitoring Forest Biodiversity: Improving Conservation through Ecologically-Responsible Management (Book)
The purpose of this book is to identify the key elements of a robust and pragmatic framework for how monitoring can make a more meaningful contribution to ecologically sustainable systems of forest use. Monitoring programs need to be purposeful and grounded in clear objectives, effective in providing reliable assessments of the links between management activities and changes in forest biodiversity, and realistic in light of real-world financial, logistical and social constraints. A key component of success lies in breaking through the silos that separate researchers, managers and bureaucrats.
This is a key text for practitioners, and covers approaches for monitoring ecosystem management as well as monitoring single species. It could complement the information on social science methods for conservation presented in this book by Helen Newing.
Part One describes the context for forest monitoring, including the need for monitoring and its links to forest management. It has a typology of approaches and indicators for forest monitoring. Part Two discusses the challenges that often block the integration of meaningful monitoring programmes into management. It sets out the importance of good design based on a clearly defined purpose, and discusses the challenges posed by governance and cultural issues.
Part Three provides an operational framework for monitoring forest biodiversity, explaining how to overcome the challenges, set goals and select indicators. This includes indicators for monitoring forest management, such as forest structure at the stand and landscape scales, and indicators to assess progress towards conservation goals, based on target species. It explains many issues relating to sampling design and data collection, such as scope; experimental design; sampling units, methods and replication; confounding factors; ensuring an adequate timeframe, resources and expertise; and the need to be clear on how data will be analysed once it is collected. It then describes how to analyse and interpret data, and put it to work for different stakeholders. It also provides a guide to other useful textbooks and manuals.