Quick guides to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
The Aichi Biodiversity Targets are a set of 20, time-bound, measureable targets agreed by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Nagoya, Japan, in October 2010. These are now being translated into revised national strategies and action plans by the 193 parties to the CBD. Achievement of the targets would contribute to reducing, and eventually halting, the loss of biodiversity at a global level by the middle of the twenty-first century.
The CBD is developing a series of 'Quick Guides' to the targets. These are available in English, Spanish and French. The guides define what each target entails (e.g. defining 'natural habitat') and explain about specific target requirements. The implications of adopting a national target are discussed and tips on what to consider when designing a national target and actions are included in the guide. The guides provide further resources, and possible indicators for assessing progress.
The targets particularly relevant to community-based forest monitoring are:
Target 5: By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
Target 7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
Target 18: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, at all relevant levels.