This study from the Rights and Resources Initiative measures the global extent of indigenous and community land rights. Around the world, 1.5 billion people manage their ancestral land according to customary systems—but this report shows that the vast majority of these communities lack government recognition of their land rights. The study covers 82% of all land on earth, and exposes the enormous gap between legal recognition and customary community ownership. Worldwide, indigenous peoples and local communities only have rights to 18% of land: they own 10% of land, and 8% is designated for their use.
Who Owns The World's Land? A Global Baseline of Indigenous and Community Land Rights
Policy and regional reports