The Bolsa Floresta Programme: direct incentive payments for forest conservation
The Bolsa Floresta Programme (BFP) is an initiative that was launched in 2007 by the State of Amazonas, Brazil, in order to implement incentive-based forest conservation : one of the first initiatives in Brazil to rely on direct, conservation-conditional incentives to protect forests at a large scale. Fifteen sustainable development reserves (SDR) are enrolled in the programme, one of which - the Juma SDR - became Brazil’s first certified REDD project, and the first REDD project worldwide to receive the “gold” status of the Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA).
The BFP makes payments to participating at communities, intended to support improvements to basic services such as education, transport and health; development of sustainable economic activities; and strengthening of community social organization (including participatory forest governance). It also has a family-based component which involves direct monthly payments to mothers of participating families who have committed to zero deforestation of primary forests.