How can involving indigenous peoples and local communities in monitoring increase transparency and engagement in REDD+? Presentation from WWF DRC.
A full transcript of the presentaiton, numbered by slide, is below:
Presentation made by Bruno Perodeau Conservation Director WWF
1. Thank you very much for the opportunity to present at this forum;
2. Before answering the question, I would like to mention that implication of Indigenous People and Local Community has been in the center of our work, in DRC, since a few years. Currently our vision for conservation is to ensure that natural capital fully befit DRC people;
3. Now, specifically about the question: How involving Indigenous People (IP) and Local Community (LC) in monitoring can increase transparency and engagement in REDD+?
4. I think that the level of implication of IP/LC in REDD+ monitoring, is directly related to the type of threats and drivers that affect forests, in a specific country;
5. In the case of DRC, studies made since 2009 clearly demonstrate direct relation between deforestation, local population needs and demographic growth;
6. As you can see, DRC is located in the Green Heart of Africa:
DRC is a vast, natural resources rich country, with high prevalence of poverty; Its economy is mainly based on natural resources extraction, and majority (80%) of population is mainly dependent of natural capital for their living. For example, only 5% of population access electricity. Kinshasa, the capital, with about 10 M habitants, consumes annually 5 Million cubic meter of wood energy. And majority of the country food production is based on the slash and burn agriculture system. In absolute terms, DRC is one of the 10 global deforestation fronts in the world; If we look at each of these circles...
7. We can see how deforestation can affect a landscape. Population growth, deforestation, soil degradation, food insecurity and poverty are part of a retroaction cycle. But how could we stop this?
8. After years of debate around REDD+, it seems that main stakeholders in DRC are now convinced that Good Governance with high implication of rural communities is the only way out of the vicious cycle.
9. This is why WWF in DRC orient its work on three specific areas about people and REDD+: First, clarity on land use rights; Second, support empowerment of local democratic governance; Third, develop and implement alternative activities.
10. We think that with these three things in place, officially recognized IP/LC, could be at the center of the MRV system. Not only for carbon, for which they can participate in terms of inventory, driver’s identification, etc, but also on providing basic information related to activity implementation, livelihood and biodiversity conservation.
11. Based on the Landscape approach supported by USAID, German cooperation and Norad, WWF helped the DRC government to prepare an Idea Note for a jurisdiction REDD+ program in Mai Ndombe district. We are currently developing the full program and designing the information system. As the REDD+ program is set to be the basic framework for a green economy program, WWF is proposing that IP/LC voluntary involved in the program has the obligation to report on a set of basic indicators organized under 5 types of capital (financial, human, social, physical and natural). These assets will link up to Sustainable Development Goals that will replace the current Millennium Development Goals.
12. We think this set up will have the advantage of integrating multiples initiatives, funding sources, safeguards, etc., and place IP/LC at the center of sustainable development. By empowering local governance to monitor main activities and livelihood aspects, we will improve land management and REDD+ for People and Nature.