Multiple levels and multiple challenges for measurement, reporting and verification of REDD+
REDD+ is a multilevel endeavour. It must link global demands, national and subnational structures and local people’s needs and aspirations. This article analyses the multilevel governance of REDD+ by looking at measurement, reporting and verification (MRV). It analyses the flow and interplay of information, institutions and interests across levels in REDD+ MRV. Anecdotal evidence from Brazil, Vietnam and Indonesia supports the analysis. This shows that it is essential to enhance and harmonise information flows between local and national levels for MRV to be accountable. Furthermore, sound information flows between levels can increase the negotiation power of disadvantaged groups and ensure a more effective, efficient and equitable REDD+.